Afghanistan: Education In Conflict


Afghan Girl Polishing Shoes and Studying


“Poor infrastructure, lack of human resources (both quality and quantity), social and cultural barriers, gender disparity among students and teachers, linguistic diversity, poor quality of education in general, examination systems, as well as lack of relevance of the curriculum for large population groups are among the main challenges Afghanistan has been and is still facing to implement education for all through inclusive education system and settings.” Farooq Wardak,  former Afghan Minister of Education, International Conference on Education 2008.

Afghanistan’s broad and vibrant history has been distilled for many in the 21st century through the brief lens of pre and post-Taliban eras. For some, the years of Taliban rule from 1996-2001 and the subsequent intervention by the West leading to the removal of the Taliban from power serve as a convenient demarcation for what was then and what is now. The reality, however, is much more complex and rich in both historical and contemporary terms. This website intends to provide a multi-dimensional look at Afghanistan through its long past, its recent history, its current realities, and its future promise. While we provide a touch on myriad aspects of Afghanistan’s identity, this is intended to create a backdrop to the core investigation of its recent, post-Taliban struggles in the educational system with specific intent of focus on the youth of the nation and the gender challenges that form the core of the transformation to equality that the country, its people and the international community face in a region where tradition, religion and strict hierarchy have been the norm for thousands of years.


Voices from Afghanistan: Education in Conflict



Afghan Citizenship

Typically to gain citizenship in Afghanistan it is mandatory to have at least one parent who is Afghan by birth. Foreigners can become residents in Afghanistan; however, there is no legal way for them to obtain citizenship.



Population: 33,332,025 (July 2016 est.)

Capital: Kabul

President: Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai

Area: 652,230 sq km


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“The function of education is to teach one to think intensively and to think critically. Intelligence plus character – that is the goal of true education.” Martin Luther King Jr.